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Quality Assurance Services - Product and production quality inspections and audits in Israel

TRADES: Functions and terms


Three trades operate in road building and heavy construction:

Operating Engineers: Employees classified as operating engineers include: surveyors, heavy duty mechanics who repair and service equipment, electrical mechanics, servicepersons who fuel, oil, lube and add fluids and change filters on equipment, spotters, tire mechanics, tire servicepersons, repair welders and concrete pump operators. Also included are apprentices to any of classifications listed above. Teamsters and labourers are rarely found on roadbuilding or heavy construction crews. In the roadbuilding and heavy construction sector, contractors hire employees who know how to operate a variety of equipment. As a result, most projects just employ operating engineers and not teamsters. This is because many operating engineers have the credentials to do teamster as well as operating engineer work. If the project is large enough, the contractor will hire a full-time teamster to drive the buses or fuel trucks.

Teamsters: Teamsters, if employed in this sector, are limited to driving licensed machinery. Licensed machinery is machinery allowed on public highways. This includes buses and fuel trucks. Teamsters service the operating engineer’s equipment on roadbuilding and heavy construction sites. Teamsters drive buses from a work camp to the work site and back to camp. They also drive fuel trucks and fuel the heavy equipment at the work site.

Labourers: Labourers, if employed in heavy construction, assist surveyors, prepare explosives and use power saws for cutting and clearing trees. When building roads they direct traffic, assist surveyors, prepare and set the forms for curbs, gutters and concrete work. A typical example of a labourer is a person assisting oiling the machinery or providing directions for the operators. During a slow period on the job site these employees may be trained on packing machines or other types of equipment. During a certification application the officer should use the prime function test when determining in which unit the employees belong. See: [ style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"TimesNewRoman\,Italic"'>Brauns Construction Ltd. [1992] Alta L.R.B.R. 10].


Employee Classifications

style='font-family:TimesNewRoman'>The following list contains the employee classification encountered in the roadbuilding and heavy construction sector. The abbreviations used are:

• Operating Engineer = (O/E);

• Laborer = (Lab); and

• Teamster = (Team).

Apprentices: Mechanic, Welder, Bodyperson, Electrical Mechanics, Machinists, and Crane Operators. Person employed in accordance with provincial governmental regulations and indentured under applicable apprenticeship and tradesperson’s qualification legislation. O/E.

Assistant Plant Operator: Assists plant operators in operation of plants. O/E.

Bit Grinder: Sharpens bits by grinding. Lab.

Bodyperson: Certified or qualified to repair body of all equipment and vehicles. O/E

Bus Driver: Operates a bus. Team.

Certified Tradesperson: Tradesperson possessing a recognized trade ticket.

Concrete Pump Operator: Operates and maintains mobile or truck-mounted concrete pump. O/E.

Crane Operator: On cranes of 15 tons capacity and over, the operator must have a hoisting ticket. O/E.

Electrical Mechanics:Person certified or qualified to repair electrical components of equipment. O/E.

Elevator Operator:Operates elevator or skip hoist. O/E.

Finish Rakerperson:Rakes seams to make final grade on road construction. Lab.

Flagperson: Directs and controls traffic on a jobsite. Lab.

Former:L ays forms for curbs, sidewalks and gutters on roadways. Lab.

Greaser: Greases rack to service vehicles. Lab.

Helpers: Mechanic, welder, bodyperson, electrical mechanics and machinists. Person employer to assist tradeperson but is not an indentured apprentice. Lab.

Learner Operator:Operates equipment for probationary period. O/E, Team.

Low Boy Operator:Operates Low Boy truck and can load and unload equipment. O/E.

Machinists:Certified or qualified to manufacture precision machine parts for equipment using lathes and drill presses, etc. O/E.

Mechanic:Certified or qualified tradesperson employer to repair all equipment and vehicles. O/E.

Oiler:Oils, greases, cleans and assists operator. O/E.

Operator (Principal): Qualified person employed to operate heavy and light equipment, trucks, farm tractors, all-terrain vehicles, buses, and stationary equipment such as compressors, pumps, heaters, mixers and generators. O/E, Team.

Partsperson:Purchases, receives and does inventory control of all parts for equipment. O/E.

Partsperson’s Helper:Assists partsperson. Lab.

Piledriver:In charge of hammers and leads and assists piledriver operator and ensures piles are straight. O/E.

Piledriver Operator:Operates piledriver. O/E.

Plant Operator:Operates an asphalt (batch), concrete, gravel, crushing, screening and washing or soil-cement plant. O/E.

Plant Helper: Assists plant operator and assistant plant operator in the operation of plant. Lab.

Pump Operator: Operates and maintains pumps and attachments to pump all fluids and materials.

Screed Operator: Operates screed machine that controls the width and depth of asphalt. O/E.

Service Technician or Employee: Fuel and services equipment and operate the unit provided for that purpose.

Service Helper: Assists service technician or employee. Lab.

Spotter: Assists operator (principal) in the spotting, placing, maintenance or cleaning of equipment. Lab.

Steam Engineer Qualified tradesperson for operation and maintenance of boilers. O/E.

Survey Instrument Technician: Qualified person employed in all aspects of surveying. O/E.

Tire Service Technician: Repairs tires. O/E.

Tire Mechanic: Qualified person employed to repair, balance and align tires. O/E.

Welder: Certified or qualified tradesperson employed to weld on equipment or fabrication. O/E.



The following is the type of equipment used in this sector:

Asphalt Planers: Machine used to strip or plane asphalt from existing road during road repairs. O/E. Asphalt or Concrete Paver: Also known as lay-down machine, used to lay down concrete or asphalt. O/E. Backfillers: Equipment such as dozer, hoes and cranes which have special attachments for backfilling trenches or excavations. O/E. Base Spreader/Jersey Spreader: Machine used to spread soil cement or lime on a road surface. Used in operation of hardening base portion of road or parking lot. O/E. Boring Machine (Horizontal): TimesNewRoman'>Auger-type machine used to bore under roads and other surface obstructions. O/E. Boring Machine (Vertical): Auger-type machine used for drilling small and large diameter holes for piling for building foundations and bridges, etc. Stabilizes ground. O/E. Cat D-2 to D-10: Commonly known as bulldozer. Prime function to move materials such as dirt, sand, gravel, etc. O/E.

Clam/Dragline:Conventional crane with clam bucket used to move material from hard to reach locations. O/E.

Compressors:Operation and maintenance of all types and capacities of compressors and operation of pneumatic attachments. Lab., O/E.

Concrete Pump:Truck-mounted or mobile pump used to pump and place concrete. Team., O/E.

Cranes:All types and sizes of rubber-tired and tracked conventional and hydraulic cranes used to lift, move and lower equipment and materials.O/E.

Directional Drilling Machine:Drills that can drill on an angle, used to drill under rivers, etc. O/E.

Ditch-Witch:Small trencher used to dig trench for smaller cables. O/E.

Double-Drum Hoist:Hoist with double drums used to hoisting and lowering of materials. Both single- and double-drum hoists are usually stationary and air- or motor-driven. O/E.

Excavators:All sizes of rubber tire and track shovels (old cable) and backhoes (new, hydraulic) used to excavate and move various materials (sand, dirt, etc.). O/E.

Farm Tractors:Two- or four-wheel rubber-tired farm tractors, all types and sizes with attachments such as buckets, forks, ploughs, used for towing any equipment such as rone plough, trailers, discs and compaction equipment. O/E.

Feller Buncher:Also known as tree farmer, used to cut, delimb and pile timber. O/E.

Forklift:Machine with forks used to raise, lower and transport materials. Used to load and unload trucks. O/E.

Front Ender:All size of track (crawler) or rubber-tired machine used to load trucks, transport materials and backfill. O/E.

Generators:Operation and maintenance of all types and capacities of generators and generator-light-plant combinations. O/E.

Gradall:Rubber-tired or tracked machine used to dig, grade and slope trenches, etc. O/E.

Gravel and Chip Spreader:Machine used to spread gravel chips on road surface. O/E.

Hydro Axes:Machine used to cut bush and shrub along right of ways. O/E.

Motor Scraper (Buggy):Motorized earth mover used to move dirt. Picks up and releases dirt though opening in the bottom of body. O/E.

Motor Grader:Machine used to cut, slope, level roads, ditches and building sites. O/E.

Off Highway Vehicles:All types and sizes of nodwells and bombardiers and all 4 x 4, 6 x 6 and 8 x 8 trucks and vehicles. O/E.

Piledriver:Machine used to drive steel or wooden piles into the ground to stabilize soil. O/E.

Power Mounter Drill:Drilling unit where prime mover is an integral part of the drill. O/E.

Power Dozer:Dozer with rotating blade used to backfill ditches. O/E.

Push cat:Dozer used to push other equipment, usually scraper. O/E.

Ripper Cat:Dozer with ripper used to rip hardpan or frozen soil. O/E.

Rock Drills:Air track drills which run off compressor used to drill holes for blasting. O/E.

Rubber-Tired Rollers:Packs gravel, sand, asphalt or soil for hardening of road, etc. O/E.

Scraper Cat:Dozer with scraper attached. Used to remove soil or material from areas motor scraper cannot travel. O/E.

Screed (Asphalt or Concert):Attachment or part of paver that controls the width and depth of material being placed.

Self-Propelled Compaction Equipment:Mobile rubber-tired or steel rollers with or without attachments used to compact materials on road, etc. O/E.

Side Loader:Same as front-ender loader, but loads from side. O/E.

Sideboom:Used for hoisting and lowering pipe and materials into ditch. O/E.

Single-Drum Hoist:Hoist with single drum for hoisting and lowering of materials. O/E.

Skid-Steer Loader (Bobcat):Small loader on rubber tires. Can have several attachments. O/E, Lab.

Skidder:Machine which may have blade and/or grapple used to move (skid) logs. O/E.

Slip Form Paver or Extruder:Machine that lays down proper width and depth of asphalt or soil cement on roadway or parking lot. O/E.

Soil Cement & Lime Travel Mixers:Machine used to mix and spread soil cement and lime to harden surfaces. O/E.

Steel Roller (Breakdown):Packs down asphalt behind paving machine. O/E.

Steel Roller (Base):Steel compaction roller used to pack base material. O/E.

Steel Roller (Finish):Packs down and smoothes asphalt behind paving machine. O/E.

Sweeper:All types and sizes of self-propelled sweepers used to clean surface of foreign objects. O/E.

Tow Cat:Dozer with winch used to tow other equipment and vehicles. O/E.

Towed-Compaction Equipment:Compactors that are not self-propelled but must be towed by farm tractors or other equipment.

Tower and Hammerhead Cranes:Stationary cranes used to hoist, move and lower material. O/E.

Trencher:Ditching machine used to dig trenches for pipe and cable. O/E.

Zoom Boom/Material handler:Similar to forklift, but has a telescopic boom to reach distances. O/E.



style='font-family:TimesNewRoman'>The following are the types of trucks found in this sector:

“A” Frame:Truck also known as winch or bed truck used to hoist and transport equipment or material. (Being replaced by picker truck). O/E., Team.

Distributor:Truck with tank, pump and spray bar for application of bitumen or other fluids to road surfaces (black top, maintenance, or asphalt distributors). O/E.

Dump/Belly Dump:Truck used to transport materials such as sand, gravel and asphalt. Team., O/E.

Flat Deck/Stake:Truck without lifting device used to transport small equipment and material. team. O/E.

Fuel:Trucks used to supply all equipment with gas or diesel fuels. Team, O/E.

Hi-Boy:Truck used to move parts, equipment and materials. O/E.

Hy-Ab:Flat-deck truck with knuckle-type lifting device used to transport small equipment (pumps) and materials. O/E.

Hydro-Vac:Truck used to locate buried cables and oil, gas and water lines. O/E.

Low Boy:Truck used to move equipment.

Picker Truck:Truck also known as boom, stinger, or pitman has crane mounted on truck and is used to hoist and transport materials and equipment. O/E.

Pressure:truck also known as steam or wash truck used to steam or wash equipment. O/E.

Pump Truck:Truck used to pump concrete. Team., O/E.

Service:Truck operated by service technicians in the maintenance of all equipment, changing oil and lubricating. Team. O/E.

Trans-Mix: Truck used to transport concrete or other material. Team. O/E.



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