H.R. 4133: United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012
David W Stiebel. . . .May 9, 2012 (112th Congress, 2nd Session)
112th Congress, 2011–2012. Text as of May 10, 2012
(Referred to Senate Committee).
HR 4133 RFS
H. R. 4133
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
May 10, 2012
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations
To express the sense of Congress regarding the United States-Israel
strategic relationship, to direct the President to submit to Congress reports
on United States actions to enhance this relationship and to assist in the
defense of Israel, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress finds the following:
(1) Since 1948, United States Presidents and both houses of Congress,
on a bipartisan basis and supported by the American people, have
repeatedly reaffirmed the special bond between the United States and
Israel, based on shared values and shared interests.
(2) The Middle East is undergoing rapid change, bringing with it hope
for an expansion of democracy but also great challenges to the national
security of the United States and our allies in the region, particularly
our most important ally in the region, Israel. Over the past year, the
Middle East has witnessed the fall of some regimes long considered to be
stabilizing forces and a rise in the influence of radical Islamists.
(3) Iran, which has long sought to foment instability and promote
extremism in the Middle East, is now seeking to exploit the dramatic
political transition underway in the region to undermine governments
traditionally aligned with the United States and support extremist
political movements in these countries.
(4) At the same time, Iran may soon attain a nuclear weapons
capability, a development that would fundamentally threaten vital American
interests, destabilize the region, encourage regional nuclear
proliferation, further empower and embolden Iran, the world’s leading
state sponsor of terrorism, and provide it the tools to threaten its
neighbors, including Israel.
(5) Over the past several years, with the assistance of Iran and Syria,
Hizballah and Hamas have increased their stockpiles of rockets, with more
than 60,000 rockets now ready to be fired at Israel. Iran continues to add
to its arsenal of ballistic missiles and cruise missiles, which threaten
Iran’s neighbors, Israel, and United States military forces in the region.
(6) As a result, the strategic environment that has kept Israel secure
and safeguarded United States national interests for the past 35 years has
SEC. 3. STATEMENT OF POLICY.
It is the policy of the United States:
(1) To reaffirm the enduring commitment of the United States to the
security of the State of Israel as a Jewish state. As President Obama
stated on December 16, 2011, ‘America’s commitment and my commitment to
Israel and Israel’s security is unshakeable.’. And as President Bush
stated before the Knesset on the 60th anniversary of the founding of the
State of Israel on May 15, 2008, ‘The alliance between our governments is
unbreakable, yet the source of our friendship runs deeper than any
(2) To provide Israel the military capabilities necessary to deter and
defend itself by itself against any threats.
(3) To veto any one-sided anti-Israel resolutions at the United Nations
(4) To support Israel’s inherent right to self-defense.
(5) To pursue avenues to expand cooperation with Israel in both defense
and across the spectrum of civilian sectors, including high technology,
agriculture, medicine, health, pharmaceuticals, and energy.
(6) To assist Israel with its on-going efforts to forge a peaceful,
negotiated settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that results in
two states living side by side in peace and security, and to encourage
Israel’s neighbors to recognize Israel’s right to exist as a Jewish state.
SEC. 4. UNITED STATES ACTIONS TO ASSIST IN THE DEFENSE OF ISRAEL AND
PROTECT AMERICAN INTERESTS.
(a) Sense of Congress- It is the sense of Congress that the United States
should take the following actions to assist in the defense of Israel:
(1) Provide Israel such support as may be necessary to increase
development and production of joint missile defense systems, particularly
such systems that defend the urgent threat posed to Israel and United
States forces in the region.
(2) Provide Israel assistance specifically for the production and
procurement of the Iron Dome defense system for purposes of intercepting
short-range missiles, rockets, and projectiles launched against Israel.
(3) Provide Israel defense articles and defense services through such
mechanisms as appropriate, to include air refueling tankers, missile
defense capabilities, and specialized munitions.
(4) Allocate additional weaponry and munitions for the forward-deployed
United States stockpile in Israel.
(5) Provide Israel additional surplus defense articles and defense
services, as appropriate, in the wake of the withdrawal of United States
forces from Iraq.
(6) Strengthen efforts to prevent weapons smuggling into Gaza pursuant
to the 2005 Agreement on Movement and Access following the Israeli
withdrawal from Gaza and to protect against weapons smuggling and
terrorist threats from the Sinai Peninsula.
(7) Offer the Israeli Air Force additional training and exercise
opportunities in the United States to compensate for Israel’s limited air
(8) Expand Israel’s authority to make purchases under the Foreign
Military Financing program on a commercial basis.
(9) Seek to enhance the capabilities of the United States and Israel to
address emerging common threats, increase security cooperation, and expand
joint military exercises.
(10) Encourage an expanded role for Israel within the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization (NATO), including an enhanced presence at NATO
headquarters and exercises.
(11) Support extension of the long-standing loan guarantee program for
Israel, recognizing Israel’s unbroken record of repaying its loans on time
and in full.
(12) Expand already-close intelligence cooperation, including satellite
intelligence, with Israel.
(b) Report on Israel’s Qualitative Military Edge-
(1) STATEMENT OF POLICY- It is the policy of the United States--
(A) to help Israel preserve its qualitative military edge amid rapid
and uncertain regional political transformation; and
(B) to encourage further development of advanced technology programs
between the United States and Israel given current trends and
instability in the region.
(2) REPORT- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of
this Act, the President shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of
the Senate a report on the status of Israel’s qualitative military edge in
light of current trends and instability in the region.
(c) Reports on Other Matters- Not later than 180 days after the date of
the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate
congressional committees a report on each of the following:
(1) Taking into account Israel’s urgent requirement for F-35 aircraft,
actions to improve the process relating to Israel’s purchase of F-35
aircraft to improve cost efficiency and timely delivery.
(2) Efforts to expand cooperation between the United States and Israel
in homeland security, counter-terrorism, maritime security, energy,
cybersecurity, and other appropriate areas.
(3) Actions to integrate Israel into the defense of the Eastern
(d) Definitions- In this section:
(1) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES- The term ‘appropriate
congressional committees’ means--
(A) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services,
and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives;
(B) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services,
and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
(2) QUALITATIVE MILITARY EDGE- The term ‘qualitative military edge’ has
the meaning given the term in section 36(h)(2) of the Arms Export Control
Act (22 U.S.C. 2776(h)(2)).
SEC. 5. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE LOAN GUARANTEES TO ISRAEL.
(a) In General- Chapter 5 of title I of the Emergency Wartime
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2003 (Public Law 108-11), as amended, is
further amended in the item relating to ‘Loan Guarantees to Israel’--
(1) in the matter preceding the first proviso, by striking ‘September
30, 2011’ and inserting ‘September 30, 2015’; and
(2) in the second proviso, by striking ‘September 30, 2011’ and
inserting ‘September 30, 2015’.
(b) Effective Date- The amendments made by this section take effect on
the date of enactment of this Act.
Passed the House of Representatives May 9, 2012.
KAREN L. HAAS,
Courtesy of: http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/hr4133/text